7 Places in Indonesia those Must be Visited by Eka Saputri

places in Indonesia those must be visited
Image source: indonesiad.com

7 Places in Indonesia those Must be Visited

Eka Saputri
1301120862

Indonesia is an archipelago with a lot of natural resources, starting from the forest, sea, mountains, up to the lake. Until now, natural resources owned by Indonesia have many run into nature. Indonesian natural attractions are not only in Java or Bali but also spread from Sabang to merauke. If so far you think that Bali is the most beautiful island in Indonesia because of its beautiful beaches, it could be wrong. As it turns out in the other islands are still many natural attractions that you should explore. Here’s a list of 7 natural attractions in Indonesia that be must be visited at least once a lifetime.

1. Pulau Komodo di Kepulauan Nusa Tenggara
Who does not know the sights on this one?
As the name suggest, the island is a natural habitat of warm-blooded animals were famous, namely Komodo. Here you can see up close how the Komodo real life. You need to know that the island habitat of giant lizard have been recorded as a UNESCO world heritage. This is because Komodo can only be seen in this region.
Be given an appreciation of the world, the Komodo island fall into of seven best attraction in the world.

2. Raja Ampat di Papua
Located in West Papua, Raja Ampat is one of the interesting sights quite mandatory for you visit. The natural beauty that it offer will make the eyes of the beholder will forget for a moment that the weight will work routine.
In this place, visitors will be shown the world a beautiful sea with fish species that may have never met before. Raja Ampat in Papua is a haven for lovers of diving.

3. Gunung Bromo
You are a nature lover who likes to climb the mountain?
Then Mount Bromo is highly inappropriate for you to climb.
Mountains are located in East Java has a height of 2,329 meter below sea level.
The thing cannot be missed is seeing the sunset or sunrise on a mountain with views as if you are above the clouds.

4. Taman Laut di Bunaken
For nature lovers underwater, then it certainly will get to know the tourist attractiobs of this one. Yes, the tourist spot located on the island of Sulawesi has a stunning underwater scenery and very alluring.
You do not have to worry about diving equipment, because here has provided rental for diving and snorkeling. In this park grow diverse marine life that you can see while snorkeling or diving, even if lucky you can find starfish in the shallower areas.

5. Gunung Rinajni di Pulau Lombok
As one of the sights which offer the best view of the sunset, Mount Rinjani is mandatory to visit. The second highest mountain in Indonesia has a height of 3726 meters below the sea level.
Fatigue felt during a hike would be paid by the natural scenery you would never see anywhere else.
Climb Mount Rinjani you will be treated to views exotic tropical forest, savannas, and also a beautiful hilly region. Mount Rinjani is one of the favorite mountain climbers from around the world. From the top of Rinjani later you can enjoy the whole view of the island of Lombok, Bali and Sumba.

6. Danau Kelimutu di Flores
Lake Flores enterd in the the National Park is a national park Flores is the smallest of the six national parks in Bali and Nusa Tenggara. Although it is located in a secluded national park, but instead here there is super beautiful scenery from the summit of Mount Flores.
At the peak of Mount Flores there are three lakes with water of different colors. Three lakes is Lake Flores. The lake is believed to have the raw power of nature. Water from Lake Kelimutu can change color. Sometimes, the color can be blue, green and black, and another time can be white, red and blue. This color change cannot be predicted.

7. Danau Toba
Lake Toba is located in North Sumatera. Which makes this stunning lake is in the middle of the crystal clear lake water expanse there is an island with an area similar to the size of Singapore. The island called Pulau Samosir.
The lake is typical lake entitled “Samosir” this is the largest lake in Southeast Asia.
In addition to folklore, the lake is a very popular in the world because of the natural scenery is so spectacular.

Note: Article is not edited. It was presented in Public Speaking Class in State Islamic Institute of Palangka Raya.

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How to Plant Flowers Well by Bona Lestari

tips how to plant flowers
Image source: pixabay.com

How to Plant Flowers

Bona Lestari

1301120906
Class B

Make your home or garden a joyous and bright place to be by planting flowers nature’s own way of showing happiness. Follow these steps to make your favorite locations blissful with the addition flowers.

1. Get The Best Soil
Flowers, like all plants, need good soil in order to grow up strong and healthy. Regardless of weather you are planting your flowers in a pot or a garden, good soil is a must. Avoid soil that is heavy with clay, sand, or rocks,and that has a blanced pH near 7. Test your soil’s pH level to determine if you need to add anything.

2. Select Your Location
Although flowers are typically easy to grow, they can’t be grown just anywhere. An area with too much shade will be difficult for some flowers to grow in. Find a happy medium with a location that has sun and shade troughout the day.

3. Decide On Your Flowers
Visit a local gardening center to choose the best flowers for garden. Growing from seeds, a small plant, bulbs, or a cutting requires nearly the same process, so focus on flowers that you enjoy and that will add a beautiful appearance to your yard. Check the tags that come with the flowers or seed packets to make sure the flower is right for you.

4. Plant At The Right Time
Even with the perfect soil, ideal location, and healthy flowers, if you don’t plant at the right time your garden will be ruined. Flowers don’t do well in weather that is too cold or very hot, so go with the time in between these periods spring. Although planting in the spring may seem obvious, there is an art to choosing the perfect time.

5. Planting Your Flowers
Dig a hole, if you planting your flowers from seed, you will need to dig hole only 2-3 inches deep and equally as wide. Flowers don’t need to be smothered with soil, so burying them deep isn’t necessary. Place each plants into the individual holes prepared for them. Use to your hands to fill in the empty space around each flowers abd cover the top of root ball. Avoid adding much soil to the top of the flowers, the stem of the flowers should never be covered by the dirt.

6. Water Your Flowers Reguraly
Unless you are experiencing rain on daily basis, take the time to give water to your flowers. Add several tablespoons of water to each plant by using a watering can several feet above the flowers to avoid demaging the petals or leaves. You can also have a sprinkler or drip sydtem installed to do the work for you on an automated basis.

7. Weed The Area
You want your flowers to be the focal point of your little garden plot ,so don’t let weeds steal the show! As you see them appear, pull out unsightly weeds from the soil around your flowers.

8. Add Support
If your flowers are tall growing, over time they may become too heavy to sdand on their own. Add bamboo stekes or forked branches upright in the ground for the plants to lean against or wrap around for support.

Note: Article is not edited. It was presented in Public Speaking Class in State Islamic Institute of Palangka Raya.

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The Types of Food and Tips to Avoid Stomach Acid by Ade Fitria Saderi Putri

Image ource: collective-evolution.com

The Types of Food and Tips to Avoid Stomach Acid

Ade Fitria Saderi Putri
NIM: 1301120869
Class: B

Here are a few groceries for stomach acid to be consumed, to avoid disruption of stomach acid is getting worse :
1. Carrots
Carrots are known as a producer of vitamin A which is very good for the eyes. Carrots also contain calcium and other vitamins and other nutrients,which certainly would be very beneficial for health. Carrots also have high levels of antioxidants , as well as very safe for consumption by the interruption at the stomach acid, because carrots are not going to raise levels of stomach acid.

2. Broccoli
Broccoli has a lot of potassium,calcium, and fiber which is very useful for meeting the nutritional needs by AKG everyday. In addition, broccoli contains sulfur. Sulfur can function as an antioxidant and protective layer of the skin in the stomach.

3. Turmeric
Turmeric is a spice that is already very well known and commonly used in cooking or drunk as a mixture of herbs. Turmeric may help keep the increase of acid in the stomach, because turmeric is also already well known as an ulcer drug that works. Turmeric also has a high antioxidant, anti-bacterial and anti-cancer.

4. Green Beans
Just like turmeric, green beans also very widely known as one of the foodstuffs that could treat stomach problems, including disorders of the stomach acid levels. The green beans were able to form layers in the stomach, which is useful to prevent acid re-flux , and has many other benefits for the body as carbohydrate-containing foods high.

5. Goat milk
Is a product of animal goats are much sought after as a source of vitamins and minerals that are good for the body. Besides being very useful for health, goat milk is also turned out very well as food for the stomach acid, because goat milk alkaline properties that are different from other types of milk.

6. Cucumbers
The long green has properties that can cool the symptoms of heat in certain parts of the body, in addition, cucumber also good for patients consumed the stomach acid, because it can reduce abdominal pain caused by rising levels of stomach acid in the body.

Tips to Avoid Stomach Acid Disorders

In addition to food for stomach acid consumption above, do health habits to avoid gastric acid disorder is :

1. Drink paint water
2. Do not drink coffee too thick
3. Reduce consumption of alcohol, coffee and tea
4. Eat less spicy and contain MSG
5. Reduce or stop eating processed food containing high acid, such as noodle, sticky rice , kale,cassava leaf vegetable, vegetable jack fruit,durian ,food containing cabbage,and more
6. Drink water regularly
7. Make a good stress management
8. Taking an indefinite enough

Note: Article is not edited. It was presented in Public Speaking Class in State Islamic Institute of Palangka Raya.

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Journal Review: Age of Second-Language Acquisition and Perception of Speech in Noise

Review Journal

 

Tittle

 

Age of second-language acquisition and perception of speech in noise
Journal Journal of speech, language, and hearing research (jslhr)
Download Http://jslhr.asha.org/cgi/content/abstract/40/3/686#otherarticles
Volume and page Vol. 40 ; june 1997, hlm: 686–693
Years 1997
Writter Lynn hansberry mayo

Mary florentine

Søren buus

Reviewer Sabnawati
Date 27th may, 2017
Purpose of  research To determine if the listeners identified in florentine’s study are typical of non-native listeners and if age of second-language acquisition influences speech perception  in noise. Native mexican-spanish-speakers who learned american-english before age 6 or after age 14 were compared with a group of native american-english speakers.
Subject of research 1.      The monolingual group (mon) consisted of 9 listeners who learned english from birth and ranged in age from 20 to 29 years old.

2.      The bilingual-since-infancy group (bsi) included 3 listeners who could not determine which language they learned first, they were between 21 and 35 years old

3.      The bilingual-since-toddler group (bst) included 9 listeners who learned english as a second language before the age of 6. They were between 22 and 37 years old and spoke english for an average of 24 years (range: 17–32 years).

4.      The bilingual-post-puberty (bpp) group consisted of 9 listeners who learned english after the age of 14. They were between 21 and 49 years old and spoke english for an average of 9.4 years (range: 3– 26 years).

all listeners were university students and reported using english for daily communication.

Data source The research uses several ways :

1.      Spin test

2.      Observations

3.      Data analysis

Method of research The  research use two methods:

1.      Quantitative component

2.      Qualitative method

Stage of  result The research is divided into several stages :

1.      Preparing for make a group to each listener

2.      Setting up the matter of  pretest and posttest for get the result on listener that learning a second language at an early age is important for the ability to understand it in noisy situations.

Result of research 1. Highly proficient non-native listeners who learned

English after puberty perform worse in noise than listeners

Who learned the language as infants or toddlers,

Although all listeners performed with native-like proficiency

(better than 96% correct) in the quiet.

2. The slopes of the psychometric functions for early

Bilinguals indicate that they can take better advantage

Of context than listeners who acquired their second language

After puberty.

3. Although early bilinguals demonstrate significantly

Better speech-discrimination-in-noise skills than listeners

Who learned the language after puberty, they may

Not function at the same level as monolinguals, who demonstrate

Higher ntls and steeper psychometric functions.

Although early second-language acquisition is advantageous

For listening in noise, interference from a first language

May reduce even an early-bilingual listener’s ability

To perceive second-language speech in noise.

Strength ofresearch Using many theories of second-language acquisition suggest that age of acquisition , which it is supporting this study.
Weakness ofresearch 1.      Quantitative component

Detail about the pretest and posttestwas not included, so it does not convince the reader that strategy was carried out or not.

2.      Using a few method, it make difficult for researcher to get the result of this research.

 

Conclusion 1.      This research is still in need of repair, so it needs for criticism and suggestions.

2.      This research is interesting to do in the next research for who want learn more about Age of second-language acquisition and perception of speech in noise.

Journal Review: Second Language Acquisition: A Case Study

Review Journal

 

Tittle

 

Second Language Acquisition : A Case Study
Journal IOSR Journal Of Humanities and Social Science
Download www.iosrJournal.org
Volume and Page Vol. 19, No. 10; October 2014, Hlm: 65-68
Years 2014
Writter Koutsompou Violetta-Irene
Reviewer Esti Rahmawati
Date 3th June, 2016
Purpose of  Research The purpose of this study is the case study presented in the journal, deals with the subject of second language acquisition making at the same time on effort to show as much as possible how L1, was acquired and the ways L1, affected L2, through the process of examining a Greek girl who has been exposed to the English language from the age of eight
Subject of Research A Greek girl who has been exposed to the English language from the age of eight
Data Source The Research uses several ways :

1.    Seeking data

2.    Interview

3.    Recording

Method of Research The  Research Use two Methods:

1.    Qualitative Method

2.    Type of method is Case Study

Stage of  Result The Research is divided into several stages :

1.    Seeking data on the stage

2.    Interview both of the child and his parent

3.    Used tape recording

Result of Research The Analysis Result of  The Research Conducted is :

  1. Found the difficult of the Greek girl, and give solution if the subject can learn new words and practice English can use in them in either speaking and writing.
Strength ofResearch 1.    This research is the great experience for the researcherand the other because this study to observe an individual in an issue of great concern in the field of language

2.    This study using study case for finding the concerning issues such as age, social, family background and others.

3.    For the researchers or the reader can know the difficult about the speaking section.

Weakness ofResearch
  1. The researcher tell this study if the study cannot written more about the child examined but the study requires a lot of analysis which, unfortunately, there is no opportunity to conduct.
Conclusion 1.    This study tell about the child examined is not affected negatively by the fact that everything the researcher talk

2.    This study talk about concerning issues such as age, social and family background, personal characteristics, age, sex, motivation, environment, parental education and financial situation for we will have the chance to understand how the above factors played either a negative or a positive role in acquiring L2

Keeping Skin Healthy and Beautiful. Do not Need Expensive! by Eni Andri Ani

How to get and keep skin healthy
Image Source: whatwomanneeds.com

Keeping Skin Healthy and Beautiful, Do not Need Expensive!

Eni Andri Ani
SRN: 1301120860
Class: B

Okay today we will discuss about “How to Keep Skin Healthy and Beautiful, Do not Need Expensive”. Many women are willing to do anything to get healthy and beautiful skin. Not infrequently they are happy to pay big to keep her skin healthy and beautiful.

This phenomenon can be seen in women today. They spent more time in places of beauty for beauty care for to stay awake. Pinch ourselves had been the nature of a woman. But keep in mind, do not do something excessive because it was not good and prohibited by religion.

To restore naturalness for healthy and beautiful skin does not have to require a large fee but there is way easier, cheaper, and of course healthy. Here are some secrets to keep your skin healthy and beautiful.

1.     A regular bath with shower

Water from the shower will immediately wash the dirt and soap suds from our body. In contrast, if we showered by wading, dirt from the body will be mixed in water and can be re-attached to the body.

2.    Use soap according to skin type
Often feel the skin dry after a shower? Means tones need to look at the soap you use. Soap that produces a lot of foam means it contains detergents that much anyway. This will make the skin dry and rough. We need to know, after washing with soap, skin pH will rise to 9 of normal skin pH is 4.2 to 6.2 (pH balance). So, choose a low pH soap.

3.    Wear sunscreen when outdoors

It’s hard to avoid direct sunlight. For that, use a sunscreen (sun block) to keep skin protected from the sun that contain harmful UV rays. Obviously, select sun block formula is safe to use and according to skin type.

4.    Drinking water in sufficient quantities

The human body is composed of 80% water so it is important for us to consume water that is not dehydration and dry skin. Drink plenty of water is one of the ways the most efficient skin care and natural and suitable for all skin types. Drink 8 glasses of water a day or more to get healthy skin.

5.    Eat more vegetables and fruits

Vegetables and fruits contain many vitamins are good for the health of the body and skin. Intake of vitamins and antioxidants from fruits and vegetables is very important for the skin because it can counteract free radicals that damage the skin.

Health is the most important thing for us. Especially for women who want a healthy and beautiful skin should keep eating and living. Not hard and do not need to spend a lot of money to have a healthy and beautiful skin. Simply by drank lots of water and eating vegetables and fruits. Therefore, let’s apply healthy life for themselves and their families for a healthy life is everyone’s dream.

Conclusion of Keeping Skin Healthy and Beautiful

Well its name’s skin had to be cared for properly to keep it healthy, but you need high discipline in order to avoid disruption and do anything to get healthy and beautiful skin.. Okay, I think enough my article today.

Note: Article is not edited. It was presented in Public Speaking Class in State Islamic Institute of Palangka Raya.

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Journal Review: Culture-Based Education and Its Relationship to Student Outcomes

Review Journal

 

Tittle

 

Culture-based education and its relationship to student outcomes
Journal Kamehameha university
Download www.ksbe.edu/_assets/spi/pdfs/CBE_relationship_to_student_outcomes.pdf
Volume and Page September 2010, Hlm: 1-30
Years 2010
Writter Shawn Kana‘iaupuni, Brandon Ledward, ‘Umi Jensen
Reviewer Andi Harmiawan
Date 30th  Mei, 2017
Purpose of  Research The findings are consistent with prior qualitative studies, indicating that culture-based educational strategies positively impact student outcomes, particularly Native Hawaiian student outcomes. This research underscores the benefits of culturally responsive pedagogy and practice. The implications of this study are valuable for education practitioners, programs, and policymakers seeking ways to eliminate achievement gaps for indigenous and other students.
Subject of Research Hawaian- students enrolled in school around  hawaian at the Kamehameha school
Data Source The Research uses several ways :

1.    Demographic Questionnaire

2.    Interview

3.    Data Analysis

Method of Research The  Research Use two Methods:

1.    Quantitative Component

Stage of  Result The Research is divided into several stages :

1.    Language: use of heritage language in teaching

2.    Ohana and community involved

3.    Determine The Steps and Scoring

4.    Preparing the Materials which will be used for Research to support heritage of language inflict education

Result of Research The teacher data reveal three main findings. First, the data show evidence that CBE is being implemented to varying degrees in classrooms across the state. As expected, Hawaiian cul­ture- and language-based schools are quick to adopt CBE. However, results indicate strong CBE users teaching in mainstream settings as well. Second, CBE is not limited to Hawaiian teachers. Although Hawaiians subscribe to culture-based pedagogy more often, these ap­proaches also are embraced by non-Hawaiian teachers, especially those in school settings that prioritize cultural relevance in education. Third, across all school types, including culturally grounded schools, teachers report regular use of the strategies that are generally considered best practice in teaching and instruction. Rather than CBE being divergent from best prac­tices, the data suggest a “double win” for children in culture-based environments. Specifically, the data suggest that in culture-rich environments, teachers go above and beyond conven­tional best practice to achieve relevance and rigor, delivering highly relevant education via culture-based strategies in addition to the research-based body of teaching strategies known as best practices. In effect, principles such as contextualization and joint productive activity are most often achieved by teachers using culturally relevant strategies.
Strength ofResearch 1.    The Theoretical Basis is Right

2.    Using many of  The Analysis  Methods

Weakness ofResearch There are several materials which can be enhanced, namely:

A.   Methodelogy

1.   Quantitative Component

–         Nothing treatment foundation for use it, it have to include references from books or articles about the use of treatment.

“(a) without access to annota­tions, (b) with only verbal annotations available, (c) with only visual annotations available, and (d) with both visual and verbal annotations available”

–         Detail about the pretest and post-testwas not included, so it does not convince the reader that strategy was carried out or not.

2.   Quantitative

–         No attachments on what is being asked to students at the time in interview takes place.

 

 

Conclusion 1.    This research is still in need of repair, so it needs for criticism and suggestions.

2.    The strategy used to be very helpful in this research.

3.    In this journal can help the student to the face listening comprehension.

Journal Review: Second Language Acquisition: A Case Study

Journal Review

 

Tittle

 

Second Language Acquisition : A Case Study
Journal IOSR Journal Of Humanities and Social Science
Download www.iosrJournal.org
Volume and Page Vol. 19, No. 10; October 2014, Hlm: 65-68
Years 2014
Writter Koutsompou Violetta-Irene
Reviewer Esti Rahmawati
Date 3th June, 2016
Purpose of  Research The purpose of this study is the case study presented in the journal, deals with the subject of second language acquisition making at the same time on effort to show as much as possible how L1, was acquired and the ways L1, affected L2, through the process of examining a Greek girl who has been exposed to the English language from the age of eight
Subject of Research A Greek girl who has been exposed to the English language from the age of eight
Data Source The Research uses several ways :

1.    Seeking data

2.    Interview

3.    Recording

Method of Research The  Research Use two Methods:

1.    Qualitative Method

2.    Type of method is Case Study

Stage of  Result The Research is divided into several stages :

1.    Seeking data on the stage

2.    Interview both of the child and his parent

3.    Used tape recording

Result of Research The Analysis Result of  The Research Conducted is

– Found the difficult of the Greek girl, and give solution if the subject can learn new words and practice English can use in them in either speaking and writing.

Strength ofResearch 1.    This research is the great experience for the researcherand the other because this study to observe an individual in an issue of great concern in the field of language

2.    This study using study case for finding the concerning issues such as age, social, family background and others.

3.    For the researchers or the reader can know the difficult about the speaking section.

Weakness ofResearch The researcher tell this study if the study cannot written more about the child examined but the study requires a lot of analysis which, unfortunately, there is no opportunity to conduct.
Conclusion 1.    This study tell about the child examined is not affected negatively by the fact that everything the researcher talk

2.    This study talk about concerning issues such as age, social and family background, personal characteristics, age, sex, motivation, environment, parental education and financial situation for we will have the chance to understand how the above factors played either a negative or a positive role in acquiring L2

Journal Review: Effects of Listening Strategy Training for EFL Adult Listeners

Journal Review

Tittle Effects of Listening Strategy Training for EFL Adult Listeners
Journal Asia TEFL
Download www.asiatefl.org/main/download_pdf
Volume & pages Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 135-169
Years 2010
Writer Ai-hua Chen
Reviewer Somia Salsabila (1401120953)
Date  22 Mei 2016

 

The purpose of research The purpose of this study is to know the effects of using strategy training for EFL listener on their listening processing and production.
Subject of research The subject of research is students college of Taiwanese
Assessment data This study collect data were used pre-test and post-test by questionnaire
Research methodology This research were used method quantitative take pre-test and post-test containing:

1.    Listening comprehension strategy questionnaire

2.    Listening comprehension test

3.    Self-rated listening scale

4.    Reflective journal

Steps of  research Steps of research :

1. The participants divide into two groups/classes with treatment and controlled class

2. Each of the class, class A (treatment)consisting of 35 students received listening strategy training, while class B (control) consisting of 36 students without any strategy training

3. Both the treatment and control classes were taught by the same instructor. In class, participants used the same listening materials, including the textbook, other supplementary daily-life authentic audio and video clips (around 140 words/minute, range from 1-3 minutes) and listening proficiency test practices

4. To collect the data, the participants must followed pre-test and post-test

The results of research The results of this research that there were found greater changes for the treatment class than for the control class. It mean that there were effects from using strategy training for EFL students. This strategy to help students  improving the skills in learning listening comprehension  and this strategy also to enhance their listening comprehension.
Strength of research – Many comparison on others country and university/schools by using strategy in learn listening.  It mean to make the research should be do because we able to know differences using strategy training or no in learning listening comprehension especially EFL students.

– This research has introductory in first paragraph include overall the journal, it will make the reader can be prediction what is the discuss

Weakness of research – To collecting data, the writer  just using one method, that is questionnaire. To collecting data the writer should be using several method to give strength information or results.

– Strategy used in research nothing describes

Summary  The name of college to research in Taiwan not mentioned