Journal Review: Age of Second-Language Acquisition and Perception of Speech in Noise

Review Journal

 

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Age of second-language acquisition and perception of speech in noise
Journal Journal of speech, language, and hearing research (jslhr)
Download Http://jslhr.asha.org/cgi/content/abstract/40/3/686#otherarticles
Volume and page Vol. 40 ; june 1997, hlm: 686–693
Years 1997
Writter Lynn hansberry mayo

Mary florentine

Søren buus

Reviewer Sabnawati
Date 27th may, 2017
Purpose of  research To determine if the listeners identified in florentine’s study are typical of non-native listeners and if age of second-language acquisition influences speech perception  in noise. Native mexican-spanish-speakers who learned american-english before age 6 or after age 14 were compared with a group of native american-english speakers.
Subject of research 1.      The monolingual group (mon) consisted of 9 listeners who learned english from birth and ranged in age from 20 to 29 years old.

2.      The bilingual-since-infancy group (bsi) included 3 listeners who could not determine which language they learned first, they were between 21 and 35 years old

3.      The bilingual-since-toddler group (bst) included 9 listeners who learned english as a second language before the age of 6. They were between 22 and 37 years old and spoke english for an average of 24 years (range: 17–32 years).

4.      The bilingual-post-puberty (bpp) group consisted of 9 listeners who learned english after the age of 14. They were between 21 and 49 years old and spoke english for an average of 9.4 years (range: 3– 26 years).

all listeners were university students and reported using english for daily communication.

Data source The research uses several ways :

1.      Spin test

2.      Observations

3.      Data analysis

Method of research The  research use two methods:

1.      Quantitative component

2.      Qualitative method

Stage of  result The research is divided into several stages :

1.      Preparing for make a group to each listener

2.      Setting up the matter of  pretest and posttest for get the result on listener that learning a second language at an early age is important for the ability to understand it in noisy situations.

Result of research 1. Highly proficient non-native listeners who learned

English after puberty perform worse in noise than listeners

Who learned the language as infants or toddlers,

Although all listeners performed with native-like proficiency

(better than 96% correct) in the quiet.

2. The slopes of the psychometric functions for early

Bilinguals indicate that they can take better advantage

Of context than listeners who acquired their second language

After puberty.

3. Although early bilinguals demonstrate significantly

Better speech-discrimination-in-noise skills than listeners

Who learned the language after puberty, they may

Not function at the same level as monolinguals, who demonstrate

Higher ntls and steeper psychometric functions.

Although early second-language acquisition is advantageous

For listening in noise, interference from a first language

May reduce even an early-bilingual listener’s ability

To perceive second-language speech in noise.

Strength ofresearch Using many theories of second-language acquisition suggest that age of acquisition , which it is supporting this study.
Weakness ofresearch 1.      Quantitative component

Detail about the pretest and posttestwas not included, so it does not convince the reader that strategy was carried out or not.

2.      Using a few method, it make difficult for researcher to get the result of this research.

 

Conclusion 1.      This research is still in need of repair, so it needs for criticism and suggestions.

2.      This research is interesting to do in the next research for who want learn more about Age of second-language acquisition and perception of speech in noise.

Journal Review: Second Language Acquisition: A Case Study

Review Journal

 

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Second Language Acquisition : A Case Study
Journal IOSR Journal Of Humanities and Social Science
Download www.iosrJournal.org
Volume and Page Vol. 19, No. 10; October 2014, Hlm: 65-68
Years 2014
Writter Koutsompou Violetta-Irene
Reviewer Esti Rahmawati
Date 3th June, 2016
Purpose of  Research The purpose of this study is the case study presented in the journal, deals with the subject of second language acquisition making at the same time on effort to show as much as possible how L1, was acquired and the ways L1, affected L2, through the process of examining a Greek girl who has been exposed to the English language from the age of eight
Subject of Research A Greek girl who has been exposed to the English language from the age of eight
Data Source The Research uses several ways :

1.    Seeking data

2.    Interview

3.    Recording

Method of Research The  Research Use two Methods:

1.    Qualitative Method

2.    Type of method is Case Study

Stage of  Result The Research is divided into several stages :

1.    Seeking data on the stage

2.    Interview both of the child and his parent

3.    Used tape recording

Result of Research The Analysis Result of  The Research Conducted is :

  1. Found the difficult of the Greek girl, and give solution if the subject can learn new words and practice English can use in them in either speaking and writing.
Strength ofResearch 1.    This research is the great experience for the researcherand the other because this study to observe an individual in an issue of great concern in the field of language

2.    This study using study case for finding the concerning issues such as age, social, family background and others.

3.    For the researchers or the reader can know the difficult about the speaking section.

Weakness ofResearch
  1. The researcher tell this study if the study cannot written more about the child examined but the study requires a lot of analysis which, unfortunately, there is no opportunity to conduct.
Conclusion 1.    This study tell about the child examined is not affected negatively by the fact that everything the researcher talk

2.    This study talk about concerning issues such as age, social and family background, personal characteristics, age, sex, motivation, environment, parental education and financial situation for we will have the chance to understand how the above factors played either a negative or a positive role in acquiring L2

Journal Review: Culture-Based Education and Its Relationship to Student Outcomes

Review Journal

 

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Culture-based education and its relationship to student outcomes
Journal Kamehameha university
Download www.ksbe.edu/_assets/spi/pdfs/CBE_relationship_to_student_outcomes.pdf
Volume and Page September 2010, Hlm: 1-30
Years 2010
Writter Shawn Kana‘iaupuni, Brandon Ledward, ‘Umi Jensen
Reviewer Andi Harmiawan
Date 30th  Mei, 2017
Purpose of  Research The findings are consistent with prior qualitative studies, indicating that culture-based educational strategies positively impact student outcomes, particularly Native Hawaiian student outcomes. This research underscores the benefits of culturally responsive pedagogy and practice. The implications of this study are valuable for education practitioners, programs, and policymakers seeking ways to eliminate achievement gaps for indigenous and other students.
Subject of Research Hawaian- students enrolled in school around  hawaian at the Kamehameha school
Data Source The Research uses several ways :

1.    Demographic Questionnaire

2.    Interview

3.    Data Analysis

Method of Research The  Research Use two Methods:

1.    Quantitative Component

Stage of  Result The Research is divided into several stages :

1.    Language: use of heritage language in teaching

2.    Ohana and community involved

3.    Determine The Steps and Scoring

4.    Preparing the Materials which will be used for Research to support heritage of language inflict education

Result of Research The teacher data reveal three main findings. First, the data show evidence that CBE is being implemented to varying degrees in classrooms across the state. As expected, Hawaiian cul­ture- and language-based schools are quick to adopt CBE. However, results indicate strong CBE users teaching in mainstream settings as well. Second, CBE is not limited to Hawaiian teachers. Although Hawaiians subscribe to culture-based pedagogy more often, these ap­proaches also are embraced by non-Hawaiian teachers, especially those in school settings that prioritize cultural relevance in education. Third, across all school types, including culturally grounded schools, teachers report regular use of the strategies that are generally considered best practice in teaching and instruction. Rather than CBE being divergent from best prac­tices, the data suggest a “double win” for children in culture-based environments. Specifically, the data suggest that in culture-rich environments, teachers go above and beyond conven­tional best practice to achieve relevance and rigor, delivering highly relevant education via culture-based strategies in addition to the research-based body of teaching strategies known as best practices. In effect, principles such as contextualization and joint productive activity are most often achieved by teachers using culturally relevant strategies.
Strength ofResearch 1.    The Theoretical Basis is Right

2.    Using many of  The Analysis  Methods

Weakness ofResearch There are several materials which can be enhanced, namely:

A.   Methodelogy

1.   Quantitative Component

–         Nothing treatment foundation for use it, it have to include references from books or articles about the use of treatment.

“(a) without access to annota­tions, (b) with only verbal annotations available, (c) with only visual annotations available, and (d) with both visual and verbal annotations available”

–         Detail about the pretest and post-testwas not included, so it does not convince the reader that strategy was carried out or not.

2.   Quantitative

–         No attachments on what is being asked to students at the time in interview takes place.

 

 

Conclusion 1.    This research is still in need of repair, so it needs for criticism and suggestions.

2.    The strategy used to be very helpful in this research.

3.    In this journal can help the student to the face listening comprehension.

Journal Review: Second Language Acquisition: A Case Study

Journal Review

 

Tittle

 

Second Language Acquisition : A Case Study
Journal IOSR Journal Of Humanities and Social Science
Download www.iosrJournal.org
Volume and Page Vol. 19, No. 10; October 2014, Hlm: 65-68
Years 2014
Writter Koutsompou Violetta-Irene
Reviewer Esti Rahmawati
Date 3th June, 2016
Purpose of  Research The purpose of this study is the case study presented in the journal, deals with the subject of second language acquisition making at the same time on effort to show as much as possible how L1, was acquired and the ways L1, affected L2, through the process of examining a Greek girl who has been exposed to the English language from the age of eight
Subject of Research A Greek girl who has been exposed to the English language from the age of eight
Data Source The Research uses several ways :

1.    Seeking data

2.    Interview

3.    Recording

Method of Research The  Research Use two Methods:

1.    Qualitative Method

2.    Type of method is Case Study

Stage of  Result The Research is divided into several stages :

1.    Seeking data on the stage

2.    Interview both of the child and his parent

3.    Used tape recording

Result of Research The Analysis Result of  The Research Conducted is

– Found the difficult of the Greek girl, and give solution if the subject can learn new words and practice English can use in them in either speaking and writing.

Strength ofResearch 1.    This research is the great experience for the researcherand the other because this study to observe an individual in an issue of great concern in the field of language

2.    This study using study case for finding the concerning issues such as age, social, family background and others.

3.    For the researchers or the reader can know the difficult about the speaking section.

Weakness ofResearch The researcher tell this study if the study cannot written more about the child examined but the study requires a lot of analysis which, unfortunately, there is no opportunity to conduct.
Conclusion 1.    This study tell about the child examined is not affected negatively by the fact that everything the researcher talk

2.    This study talk about concerning issues such as age, social and family background, personal characteristics, age, sex, motivation, environment, parental education and financial situation for we will have the chance to understand how the above factors played either a negative or a positive role in acquiring L2